Aeschylus was born in Elefsina in 525 BC. His father was Ephorion and he was descended from the glorious line of Kodrites. His family was noble and wealthy. He participated in the battle of Marathon (490 BC)and in the battleship of Salamina (480 BC)against the Persians, where he showed great braveness and got seriously injured. He was awarded with 13 first prizes. As an acknowledgement to his work and his contribution to the theatre, the Athenians voted a law for the obligatory production of his works.
Aeschylus died in Gela of Sicely in 455 BC. The tradition reports as a cause of his death the fall of a turtle on his head. Only 7 of his 74 works are preserved today